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道德之贼Moral thief

道德之贼

在现在这个社会,由于道德的下滑,人们之间越来越多的勾心斗角与矛盾,很多人表面一套背后一套,自恃精明。也有人自以为是,认为自己做的很好,但在明眼人眼中却非常不受待见。所以什么是好人,善良的人?如何辨别一个人是一个善良的人?我们都应该思考这样一个问题。好人,善良是立身之本,也是这个社会最缺乏最需要的品质。在了凡四训中,有一位中锋和尚,讲了这么一段话:

有益于人是善,有益于己是恶。有益于人,则打人骂人皆是善。有益于己,则敬人礼人皆是恶。是故,人之行善,利人者公,公则为真,利己者私,私则为假。发自内心者真,因袭形迹者假。无为而为者真,有为而为者假。今人看到谨慎,不倔强的,大都称他为善人而认同他。而圣人,则宁愿认可狂狷不羁的。那些谨慎温吞的人尽管有一乡的人都说他好,但因为他随波逐流,没有志气,不能够指望他上进,所以圣人,必定要说他是道德之贼。这善恶的标准,世俗与圣人,分明是相反的啊。推广开来看,则世俗的种种取舍褒贬,无有不谬,天地鬼神之善恶福祸,皆与圣人同是非,而不与世俗同取舍。所以凡遇积善,决不可被耳熏目染牵着鼻子走,只有反躬自省,从心源隐微处,默默洗涤。纯是一片济世之心则为端,苟有一毫媚世之心即为曲,纯是爱人之心则为端,有一毫偾世之心即为曲,纯是敬人之心则为端,有一毫玩世之心则为曲。

这段话为我们分别好坏,善恶设立了一个标准,那就是通过人的思想,也就是做事的出发点,去辨别一个人的好坏。这也是人们往往忽略的,最重要的一个环节。因为现在的社会,人们表面上做的事是给人看的,而内心中的真实想法隐藏起来,比如现在的形容词:老狐狸,各怀鬼胎,虚情假意,故作姿态,狡黠多变等,其实每个人内心都多少拥有这样的思维方式。而要想真正的成为一个彻底的好人,那么就需要从内心出发,不能因为别人看不到自己的内心从而表面一套,背后一套。

按照这个标准反观自身,有种对号入座的感觉,觉得自己在生活中就是在扮演者一个道德之贼的角色。内心深处的想法原本并不好,但是通过掩饰,以及与内心想法并不一致的做给别人看的所谓的“对的事情”,从而达到内心的满足,或者其他的目的。对于自己来说,这是一定要警惕与改正的事情,而如何去做,就要像上边了凡四训中说的一样:反躬自省,从心源隐微处,默默洗涤。让自己的出发点从一开始就是正的,善良的,美好的,这样自然而然,内心就会逐渐的光明,不再阴暗。


moral thief


In today's society, due to the decline of morality, there are more and more intrigues and contradictions among people. Many people act on the surface and act on their backs, thinking they are smart. There are also people who are self-righteous and think that they have done a good job, but they are very unpopular in the eyes of discerning people. So what is a good person, a kind person? How to tell if a person is a kind person? We should all think about such a question. Good people, kindness is the foundation of life, and it is also the most lacking and most needed quality in this society. In the four trainings of Liaofan, there was a center monk who said something like this:


What is beneficial to others is good, what is beneficial to oneself is evil. If it is beneficial to others, beating and scolding others is good. If it is beneficial to oneself, it is evil to respect others. Therefore, when people do good deeds, those who benefit others are public, and those who are public are true; those who benefit themselves are private, and those who are private are false. Those who come from the heart are true, and those who are imitated are false. Those who do nothing but do it are true, and those who do something but do it are false. When people today see someone who is cautious and not stubborn, most of them call him a good person and agree with him. The sage, on the other hand, would rather recognize the wild and unruly. Those who are prudent and meek, although everyone in the same town says he is good, but because he drifts with the crowd, has no ambition, and cannot be expected to make progress, the sage must say that he is a moral thief. The standards of good and evil, secular and saint, are clearly opposite. If you look at it broadly, all kinds of secular choices, praises and criticisms are infallible. The good, evil, blessings and misfortunes of heaven, earth, ghosts and gods are all the same as the saints, not the same as the secular world. Therefore, when you encounter good deeds, you must not be led by the nose by your ears and eyes. You can only reflect on yourself and cleanse silently from the subtleties of your heart. A pure heart of helping the world is the end, a little bit of the heart of the world is the end, a pure heart of loving others is the end, a little bit of the heart of the world is the end, and a pure respect for others is the end, A little cynical heart is a song.


This passage sets up a standard for us to distinguish between good and bad, and good and evil, that is, to distinguish a person's good from bad through his thinking, that is, the starting point of doing things. This is also the most important link that people often overlook. Because in today's society, what people do on the surface is for others to see, but the real thoughts in their hearts are hidden, such as the current adjectives: old fox, with ghosts, hypocrisy, posturing, cunning and changeable, etc. In fact, everyone has more or less such a way of thinking in their hearts. And if you want to truly become a thoroughly good person, then you need to start from the heart, and you can't make one thing on the surface and another thing behind the back just because others can't see your heart.


Reflecting on myself according to this standard, I feel like I am on the right track, and I feel that I am playing the role of a moral thief in my life. The thoughts deep in my heart are not good at first, but by covering up and doing the so-called "right thing" for others to see that is not consistent with my inner thoughts, so as to achieve inner satisfaction or other purposes. For myself, this is something that must be vigilant and corrected, and how to do it is the same as mentioned in the four trainings of Fan Fan above: reflect on yourself, cleanse silently from the subtleties of the heart. Let your starting point be righteous, kind, and beautiful from the very beginning, so that naturally, your heart will gradually become brighter and no longer dark.

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