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道德与知识 Morality and Knowledge

最近我们在读《洛克菲勒留给儿子的38封信》,洛克菲勒先生在里面给他的儿子讲了很多有关如何成为一个成功的商人的方法、技巧和要注意的事情。当然,他也讲出了这些方法背后的道理与那样做的目的。而这些道理的基础都是成为一个道德高尚的人,如要善良、诚实等等。但是如果抛开这些道理来看,其中的方法是有利有弊的,就像一把双刃剑,这些方法可以被用来为自己创造财富也能用来害人。这让我想起最近中国国内很流行一些有关心理学的书籍,如鬼谷子和弗洛伊德的各种书籍等。人们购买这些书籍从中学习与人相处的技巧,洞悉他人的心理。但是纵观现在社会的道德,有多少人有正确的道德观、是非观和判断力呢?如果没有的话,那么阅读这些书籍只会让这些人将其中的技巧运用到如何害人上面。而洛克菲勒先生在他给儿子的信中讲的那些做生意的方法也是一样,心术不正的人学去只会用来做害人利己的事。当然要想成为一个精英,阅读这些书籍是必不可少的。但是我们首先要提高自己,让自己有资格学习那些知识,从而成为精英,而不是德不配位,从而害人也害己。


Recently we were reading "The 38 Letters from J.D. Rockefeller to His Son", in which Mr. Rockefeller told his son a lot about the methods, skills and things to pay attention to on how to become a successful businessman. Of course, he also explained the reason behind these methods and the purpose of doing so. And the basis of these principles is to become a person of high morals, such as being kind, honest and so on. But if we put aside these reasons, the methods have advantages and disadvantages, just like a double-edged sword, these methods can be used to create wealth for oneself and can also be used to harm others. This reminds me of some books about psychology that are popular in China recently, such as various books by Guiguzi and Freud. People buy these books to learn the skills of getting along with others and gain insight into the psychology of others. But looking at the morality of today's society, how many people have correct moral values, right and wrong, and judgment? If not, then reading these books will only allow these people to use their techniques to harm others. The same is true of the methods of doing business that Mr. Rockefeller described in his letter to his son. People with unscrupulous intentions will only use them to do things that harm others and benefit themselves. Of course, to become an elite, reading these books is essential. But we must first improve ourselves, so that we are qualified to learn those knowledge, so as to become an elite, instead of being uncoordinated, thus harming others and ourselves.

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