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以直报怨Justice in return for injustice

以直报怨

“以直报怨,以德报德”,出自《论语》宪问篇,是孔子留给后人的处事道理之一。在中国的传统故事中,有许多都展示了以直报怨的原则,《安士全书》中的一个例子,告诉了我们为什么作为一个人,应该以直报怨。

在《安士全书》的一则故事中,主人公的父亲与某甲的父亲有着深仇大恨。这种仇恨随着两位父亲的去世传承给了主人公和某甲。从家族的角度来看,主人公有义务寻求某甲的复仇。然而,某甲却是一个才华出众的人,他具有为国家和人民带来巨大福祉的潜力。主人公陷入了两难的境地。尽管主人公身居高位,完全有能力让某甲发挥他的才华,为国家的繁荣做出贡献,但某甲却是仇人的后代。

最终,主人公做出了的选择。他利用自己的权力,举荐某甲,使其能够居高位,为百姓造福。尽管主人公和某甲之间存在仇恨,但他以国家与百姓的角度出发,明白个人怨恨不能阻碍对国家和人民福祉的追求。他的选择是基于儒家的道义,从而化解了渊怨,使国家多了一位贤能之臣,百姓更加的幸福。

这个故事诠释了"以直报怨"的原则。虽然主人公和某甲之间有着仇恨,但主人公的决策却基于理性和道义。同时这个故事告诉我们,以直报怨是高尚的品质和智慧的表现。它告诉我们不能以私的角度出发,而是要以理性和道义为指导,做出更加正确的选择。

通过在叔叔这里接触这些经典,叔叔让我们了解了中国传统文化的重要性,并教导我们真正的去学习,实践这些道理。古代提倡的道德原则:仁、义、礼、智、信,虽然人人耳熟能详,但是因为环境的不同,思想的变迁,并未有人真正的理解与实行。而只要按照叔叔教授的道理与方法,加之一个真正好的环境,最终我们都能够朝着古代贤人志士的方向去努力,最终于己于人,于家于国都能够做到幸福,美好。


Justice in return for injustice

"Repay grievances with straightness, and reward virtue with virtue", from the "Analects of Confucius", which is one of the principles of handling things left by Confucius to future generations. Many traditional Chinese stories demonstrate the principle of repaying grievances directly. An example in "An Shi Quan Shu" tells us why as a person, we should report grievances directly.

In a story in "An Shi Quan Shu", the protagonist's father has a deep hatred with A's father. This hatred is passed on to the protagonist and A with the death of the two fathers. From the perspective of the family, the protagonist is obliged to seek A's revenge. However, Mr. A is a man of extraordinary talent who has the potential to bring great benefits to the country and the people. The protagonist is caught in a dilemma. Although the protagonist is in a high position, he is fully capable of letting A to display his talents and contribute to the prosperity of the country, but A is the offspring of the enemy.

In the end, the protagonist made the best choice. He used his power to recommend a certain person so that he could occupy a high position and benefit the people. Although there is hatred between the protagonist and A, he understands from the perspective of the country and the people that personal resentment cannot hinder the pursuit of the country and the well-being of the people. His choice was based on the morality of Confucianism, which resolved the grievances, made the country have one more virtuous minister, and made the people happier.

This story illustrates the principle of "repaying grievances directly". Although there is hatred between the protagonist and A, the decision of the protagonist is based on reason and morality. At the same time, this story tells us that repaying grievances directly is a manifestation of noble quality and wisdom. It tells us not to proceed from a selfish point of view, but to make more correct choices guided by rationality and morality.

Through contacting these classics with Uncle, Uncle let us understand the importance of traditional Chinese culture, and taught us to really learn and practice these principles. The moral principles advocated in ancient times: benevolence, righteousness, propriety, wisdom, and faith are familiar to everyone, but due to different environments and changes in thinking, no one has truly understood and implemented them. And as long as we follow the principles and methods taught by my uncle, coupled with a really good environment, we can all work hard towards the direction of the ancient sages, and finally we can achieve happiness and beauty for ourselves and others, for our family and the country.

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